Dr. Edgar Oviedo is one of the international poultry experts that will be leading the technical direction of the LPN Congress 2018
Dr. Edgar Oviedo and Dr. Arturo Gregorio Rosales will be the main responsibles of the technical direction for poultry at the LPN Congress 2018, in order to boost and enhance the best gathering point for the Latin American poultry and animal nutrition sectors.
On this occasion, we interviewed Dr. Edgar Oviedo, technical director of the LPN Congress 2018:
You will be part of the technical direction of the LPN Congress 2018. ¿What are your expectations for such an important position?
Being able to contribute to a program that will provide ideas and evidence to the participants, allowing them to understand some problems and helping them to make the appropriate decisions for their companies. This will contribute to the development of the Latin American poultry industry, improving its efficiency and the production of high-quality and harmless protein for the consumers of this region, and for the clients for global exports.
As an international expert from the poultry sector, which will be the key points regarding poultry that will be addressed during the LPN Congress 2018?
It is definitely important to include topics on production costs and how to adequately compare the costs of a company in the market environment. In this sense, Benchmarking is an important tool. In the context of a growing poultry sector, with a small profit margin, it is necessary to add value to the final product.
For this reason, processing poultry or eggs to obtain new products ready for cooking or consumption is necessary, which means that meat and egg processing, as well as including the production of other types of birds, such as turkey, is necessary to achieve this objective.
Additionally, it is important to review nutnrition topics and new tools to optimize and maintain the digestibility of nutrients that improve the animals’ efficiency with an adequate cost-benefit ratio.
It’s important to improve the environmental conditions inside the poultry houses in order to minimize health problems that are frequently observed in this region because of deficient environmental control. Health must be approached from a preventive point of view, keeping in mind that biosecurity and the knowledge of the etiology of current diseases is very important.
In your opinion, where is the Latin American poultry production industry is headed?
The Latin American poultry production is still expanding and consolidating itself. This growth, the availability of natural resources, space, and the presence of young people that are still interested in working with animals is one of its main strengths.
In many companies, exports are very important and necessary for maintaning the viabiliity of this sector. Countries that are not exporting should start to create the conditions and look for new markets. To be able to export, ir is necessary to sell processed products with an added value, and in this respect, there is still a certain weakness in great part of Latin America.
But at the same time, in this region we still have the best example of diversified production and succesful exportation around the entire world. It is important to follow these examples.
For the most part of Latin America, the price of food and consumables is one of the main challenges, because not all the main ingredients are produced in sufficient quantities to address the growing demand of the markets. Creating mechanisms to produce more grain and sources of protein locally and economically is necessary to make poultry production sustainable in the long run. Developing strategies to improve food processing is a critical factor to improve the productivity of the birds and reduce production costs.
Step by step, the Latin American industry is getting more technified, but in all the sectors there is a lag regarding incubatos, chick transportation, farms and processing plants, compared to all the other regions in the wordl, except for Africa.
The current state of the installations, that do not allow for an adequate climate control, in one of the regions with the most variable climate, which leads to problematic variations in the results, challenging the health of the birds and the physical and microbiological quality of the end product.
In Latin America, there are constant discussions and, at the same time, a lot of money is invested in health, pathologies, biosecurity, immunology, and vaccination, but little to nothing is done to improve, monitor, and maintain the environment of the installations where the animals are kept. Climatic variation has a negative impact on all the aspects of poultry production, including their health, welfare, and the end product. That, from a production point of view, is one of the main weaknesses of the Latin American poultry production sector, compared to the rest of the world.
The LPN Congress 2018 will be the gathering point for the Latin American poultry and animal nutrition sectors. What do you think about this kind of Congress?
Nutrition is a fundamental aspect for the productivity of the animals, thus, creating forums where this is the main focus, allowing to discuss the most relevant aspects is very important for the growth of the poultry sector. We hope that we will be able to contribute adequately, with concepts and information that the technicians and poultry farmers need.
MEET Dr. EDGAR OVIEDO
Born in Colombia, Edgar Oviedo is a Professor and Extension Specialist in Broiler Nutrition and Handling at the Department of Poultry Science at North Carolina State University (NCSU).
Veterinarian-Zootechnician graduated from the University of Tolima de Ibagué, Colombia, he has a Masters Degree in Nutrition and Animal Production from the Maringá State University in Brazil, and a Ph.D. in Poultry Science and Animal Nutrition from the University of Arkansas. He recently received a Masters Degree in Business Administration from North Carolina State University
He is the author of 85 articles in scientific magazines, 4 book chapters, and 350 professional publications. He also coordinates extension programs on broilers and various international courses on poultry production. Other areas in which he participates are poultry nutrition, intestinal health, locomotor problems, the impact of breeder management and nutrition on the descendants, effects of incubation, and mathematical modeling to optimize poultry production.